Hypersensitivity is an exaggerated response of the immune system to an antigen which causes inflammation; this is also known as an allergic reaction. The mild allergic reaction can cause a rash, hives or rhinitis; the severe allergic reaction, also known as anaphylactic shock can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical response, Symptoms may include flushing, nausea, vomiting, fever, rash, hives, angioedema, feelings of impending doom, bronchospasm, back pain, and circulatory collapse (Johnson, 2020). This type of reaction can be caused by medication administration and nurses need to be aware of what symptoms to watch for and how to treat the patient if they suspect an allergic reaction. A first step will be to stop administering the medication that caused the reaction or to remove the allergen (nuts, pollen, eggs, dairy, etc.). Then, nurses should be prepared to alert the physician, assess the patient and prepare for emergency response. Most hospitals and facilities have a pre-set protocol of how to address an allergic reaction; nurses need to be familiar with their facility protocols. In recent years, more attention was given to develop clear policies of how to manage anaphylactic shock, but for many years it did not have a clear, consistent definition, and symptoms were sometimes misinterpreted as panic attacks, hyperventilation, vasovagal syncope, or another type of allergic reaction (Schoessler & White, 2013). Mild reactions can be easily treated with anti-histamines, but Patients at risk of anaphylaxis should be prescribed adrenaline for self-administration (Clarke, 2005), which is usually prescribed as an Epipen that the patient can carry at all times. References: Clarke, S. (2005). Anaphylaxis & Severe Allergy, Practice Nurse, 29(3), 1826 Johnson, A.R. (2020). Pathophysiology Clinical Applications for Client Health, Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/#/chapter/4 Schoessler, S., & White, M. V. (2013). Recognition and Treatment of Anaphylaxis in the School Setting: The Essential Role of the School Nurse. Journal of School Nursing, 29(6), 407415 reply2 Hypersensitivity reactions occur after the first time someone is exposed to an antigen and creates an exaggerated immune response (Randall, J. 2018). Hypersensitivity is also known as an allergic reaction, which causes inflammation and destruction of healthy tissue, in these reactions, mast cells degranulation causes an increase in the release of histamine and is part of a complex immune response (Randall, J. 2018). Most reactions are mild and include itching, hives, watery eyes, rash, scratchy throat, and rhinitis. However, nurses and caregivers should be aware of life-threatening allergic reactions, such as anaphylactic shock. Some anaphylaxis signs include lip swelling, hives, nausea, coughing or discomfort, tongue swelling, throat tightening, trouble breathing, dizziness, or lightheadedness (McBride, 2019). Common causes of anaphylaxis reactions include the ingestion of certain foods such as dairy, eggs, shellfish, nuts, mold, pollen, insect stings, and certain medications (Randall, J. 2018). For children with an allergy, caregivers, parents, and teachers need to be hyper-aware of the signs of anaphylaxis and begin treatment as soon as these symptoms appear (McBride, 2019). It can make daily living extremely hard as parents and caregivers must be aware of how food is prepared, ensure an EpiPen is always available, and educate their child on what they can and cannot eat. An EpiPen available on hand to administer during a life-threatening situation such as anaphylaxis was shown to increase positive outcomes in a study by the Blue Cross Blue Shield (McBride, 2019). However, the cost of these pens is substantial and can be a burden for families to afford. In 2016 the price of a two-pack of an EpiPen was $645, and generic versions cost $234 (McBride, 2019). There has been some work to help lower the costs of these medications and make them available in emergencies, but parents may be hesitant to use them due to the hefty price tag. Therefore, such devices/ medication must be affordable and available to those that need them as in the Blue Cross Blue Shield study, parents were more likely to use their EpiPen when there was no cost involved (McBride, 2019). References Randall, J. (2018). Pathophysiology: Clinical applications for client health. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/ McBride, D. L. (2019). Life-threatening Allergic Reactions Increasing Among Children. Retrieved August 3, 2020, from https://www-sciencedirect-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/science/article/pii/S0882596318302562.
Why Choose Us
Do you need to ace that test? We are here to help you. We have qualified writers to present you with a 100% error-free paper. Toptutor4me offers you a unique and personalized custom paper that will assist you in getting that good grade.
Your paper will go through high editorial standards to meet your satisfaction. We have qualified writers to assist you to reach your academic goal without going through academic stress. We put into consideration the paper formatting, the pages required, valid citations, and included files to present you with an acceptable paper.
Our writers have a comprehensive experience and have perfected the art of crafting your paper. Regardless of the academic level or topic, we are prepared to provide a quality custom paper upon your order request.
Professional Academic Writers
A student needs professional assistance outside class time. Our writers possess Ph.D. in different fields and hold several years’ experience. Before hiring our writers, we give them tests and strictly consider their educational backgrounds.
After the sieving process, they are trained to ensure they deliver well-structured papers to our customers. Our experts work around the clock to provide correct answers and give any educational help. They not only deliver on time but also follow the customers’ instructions.
Every writer is a fluent native speaker of English and is from the USA, Canada, UK, or Australia. Our experts approach tasks effectively depending on their specialization.
Is the deal too good to be true? Toptutor4me is a reliable assignment help website on the market that considers students’ daily needs for academic help. Our assignment help is reasonably priced to approximately 90% of students around the world.
Our objective is to help students achieve academic excellence and we believe that inconsiderable charges should not hinder a student from getting the desired help.
In case the customer is not satisfied, we offer revisions and rewrites without extra charges. There are no unpleasant surprise charges at the checkout. We ensure maximum privacy and safe payment services.
Tight deadline? Paper due tomorrow? Do not worry our writers are ready to help. Students have difficulties balancing their social and academic life, therefore, getting caught up with academic deadlines.
Tackling your assignment at the last minute does not give you the advantage of carrying out extensive research and coming up with correct answers. Our experienced writers are knowledgeable and always available to work on your paper.
We guarantee you that outstanding papers are delivered on time at the customer's convenience. All you have to do is place an order giving a specific time delivery that works in your favor.
The ultimate deal-breaker in achieving a good grade is submitting an imitative paper. Plagiarism is a breach of examination standards and has serious consequences. Lecturers test the students' understanding of the taught topic by checking for originality.
Our experts' main consideration is providing a free plagiarized paper that will meet the teachers' requirements. They have perfected the skill of presenting unique personalized papers with relevant citations and references if needed. We ensure extreme originality and in case of any customer concerns, we offer a plagiarism report.
We want to work under customer's trust that their paper is unique and will support them in accomplishing the best grade.
Customer Support 24/7
Our website is user-friendly and super useful! Mycoursewriter is an online writing service that is always available to provide you with academic assistance you need.
Customers’ concerns are considered by our friendly customer support team that is available at all times.
Over ten years’ experience in the writing market has enabled us to grow and learn how to give our customers the golden experience.
We have diligently satisfied hundreds of students and you can witness this at the toptutor4me review page. Do not hesitate to contact us at our website email: email@example.com
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
Are you searching for a satisfactory legitimate writing website? Look no further. Toptutor4me is the best writing service ready to offer you long-term support in your academic needs. We have been providing homework help for years that has gained our customers’ trust. Our writers are ready to work on any assignment type from undergrad to Ph.D. level.
We guarantee you quality papers, timely delivery, and 24/7 response. Our website is not only the cheapest but also authentic and the most unfailing with an assurance team that manages our orders. We offer assignment help in every subject and topic despite the difficulty, let us ease your assignment burden.
Essay writing is a commonly assigned college homework. Sitting down for an hour or so crafting a perfect essay is a tedious time-consuming task. You might find yourself staring at a blank paper surfing through different websites trying to devise answers for your essay.
Toptutor4me is a legit service that offers to write your essay at a pocket-friendly price. Your essay is given maximum attention by the assigned professional writer who includes fresh ideas and personalizes your paper to your preference. Order essay help by including the question, the page number, preferred format, and any files related to your essay.
Our essays are unique and go through a strict protocol that includes anti-plagiarism and rigorous proofreading. You do not have to struggle with finding ideas for your essay as our writers are not only skilled but also have the correct answers for your paper. Let our scholars work on your essay and you can take care of other responsibilities besides your student tasks.
Admission and Business Papers
Writing an admission paper is not everyone’s inclination but this should not be a hindrance to fulfilling your goal. Writing a perfect paper to get you to that school or company imposes mind stress as there are certain expectations you must meet.
Failure to meet these expectations might make your dream unfulfilled. Admission papers require you to be unique, open, and display confidence but not seem aggressive. A business paper necessitates the student to be aware of current happenings in the world and have a wide knowledge of the business history and trends.
These needs research and skills and we have the qualified writers to meet all these prospects that will satisfy your assessor or lecturer. Our team will help you conquer that milestone in your academic life or your career all you need to do is provide the necessary information for our writers to craft your paper.
Editing and Proofreading
An error-free paper is a must in achieving that desired grade. We have an assurance team to ensure your paper has no grammar or formatting mistakes.
After our writers have given correct answers to your question in the necessary pages, our editorial team proofreads the paper to ensure quality work. They check for grammar mistakes, plagiarism and ensure proper paper formatting.
Issues such as the specified fonts, spacing, and educational formats are considered. We can also provide the plagiarism reports if needed. Our team has skills in formatting any paper type be it MLA, APA, Harvard, or Chicago. Under no circumstances will a poorly formatted paper be forwarded to you as we ensure careful proofreading.
Assignments are part of the learning process and one may not have the knowledge of the correct answers, this should not stress you as we have qualified scholars to help you.
A challenging topic does not imply that you should fail. Our qualified writers hold PhDs in different subjects therefore they are intelligent and no task is complex to them. Despite the complexity, a competent scholar will be assigned to meet your academic needs.
Different assignments are confusing as they may involve different skills that you are not familiar with. This is not an issue to our skilled professional writers as they provide the correct answers for any essay type despite the intricacy. Stop stressing about your homework by ordering assignment help at Mycoursewriter and go have fun!