I NEED A RESPONSE TO THIS ASSIGNMENT 2 REFERENCES Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners must understand a range of mental health assessment tools. In as much, advanced practitioners can apply metrics to aid in the diagnosis and evaluate treatment responses (Wheeler, 2014). This discussion aims to examine the psychometric properties of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening tool and explore the efficacy of use. Additionally, this discussion will review psychopharmacological medications’ use and efficacy with Michigan Alcoholism’s Screening tool. Psychometric Properties: Michigan Alcoholism Screening Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners must consider various psychometric tools when assessing clients with substance use disorders. The Michigan Alcoholism Screen tool is a self-reporting questionnaire consisting of twenty-fie questions to pinpoint patterns related to alcohol misuse (Santos, Strathdee, El-Bassel, Patel, Subramanian, Horyniak, & Shoptaw, 2020). The questionnaire is limited to yes and no overall weighted responses indicating a score range (Conley & Murdoch, 2014). Ultimately, higher scores signal concerns with alcohol misuse (Conley & Murdoch, 2014). The psychometric properties of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening are critical to examine. Researchers report that the overall psychometric properties of the MAST are solid (Conley & Murdoch, 2014). Firstly, the MAST’s internal consistency and standard error prove a high level of consistent  screening measures (Conley & Murdoch, 2014; Minnich, Erford, Bardhoshi & Atalay, 2018). Over thirty studies show consistent reports of reliable, aggregated results related to the internal consistency of the MAST (Minnich et al., 2018). Additionally, the MAST parallels with other alcoholism screening tools accurately measuring alcohol misuse, but more importantly, the MAST is identified as correspondingly with DSM-IV diagnosis related to substance use disorders (Conley & Murdoch, 2014). Moreover, experts agree that the high sensitivity of the MAST establishes the MAST as a substantially accurate screening tool to identify patterns of behavior related to alcohol misuse (Conley & Murdoch, 2014) Conversely, the MAST demonstrates some weakness that practitioners must caution. For example, the MAST specificity is limited and, therefore, not as reliable for meaningful results across every population (Conoley, & Murdoch, 2014). Likewise, the MAST is heavily criticized for lacking concrete validity parameters (Minnich et al., 2018). To explain, researchers highlight the MAST demands clients to have a sense of self-awareness related to drinking severity to report truthful answers in the questionnaire and valid scores (Minnich et al., 2018). In the same manner, clients must also aim not to minimize self-reported answers to throw-off lower scored results (McKenna, Treanor, O’Reilly & Donnelly, 2018; Minnich et al., 2018). In such cases, the MAST loses diagnostic validity (Minnich et al., 2018). In such cases, the MAST possibley scores lower indicating potential for either intentional or unintentional underestimated results (Minnich et al., 2018) Michigan Alcoholism Screening: Appropriateness and Efficacy of Psychopharmacological Medications It is critical practitioners weigh the appropriateness of the MAST screening tool in practice. Experts agree that although the MAST is a widely accepted evidence-based screening tool, clinical judgments must be applied (Minnich et al., 2018). The MAST can undoubtedly aid in developing treatment plans; however, practitioners are cautioned not to solely depend on screening tools to develop treatment planning, including psychopharmacologic medications (Minnich et al., 2018). Experts highlight that using the MAST for practitioner decision making is lower than the minimum standard for practice guidelines (Minnich et al., 2018).  Additionally, the effectiveness of the MAST to aid practitioners in psychopharmacological evaluations is hindered due to the tools target to measure lifetime use rather than phases of an individual’s misuse (Minnick et al., 2018). For example, some clients may be in a phase of recovery, and therefore psychopharmacological targets differ from acute, current misuse (Minnich et al., 2018). In as much, experts highlight best practices must be applied in conjunction with the MAST when evaluating treatment planning and response (Minnich et al., 2018) References Conoley, J.C. & Murdoch, J. (2014). Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST; Selzer, M. L. (1971) https://web-a-ebscohost-          com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/ehost/detail/detail?vid=19&sid=cea68941-9738-4876-8b6b-7cf8bb849e16%40sdc-v-sessmgr03&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=test.2022&db=mmt https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/assessingalcohol/instrumentpdfs/42_mast.pdf McKenna, H., Treanor, C., O’Reilly, D., & Donnelly, M. (2018). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of self-reported measures of alcohol consumption: a COSMIN systematic review. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 13(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-018-0143-8 Minnich, A., Erford, B. T., Bardhoshi, G., & Atalay, Z. (2018). Systematic review of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Journal of Counseling & Development, 96(3), 335–344. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1002/jcad.12207 Santos, G. M., Strathdee, S. A., El-Bassel, N., Patel, P., Subramanian, D., Horyniak, D., Cook, R. R., McCullagh, C., Marotta, P., Choksi, F., Kang, B., Allen, I., & Shoptaw, S. (2020). Psychometric properties of measures of substance use: a systematic review and meta-analysis of reliability, validity and diagnostic test accuracy. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 20(1), 106. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-020-00963-7 Wheeler, K. (Eds.). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice nurse: A how-to-guide for           evidence-based practice (2nd ed,). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
From $8/Page
Order Essay
Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

Do you need to ace that test? We are here to help you. We have qualified writers to present you with a 100% error-free paper. Toptutor4me offers you a unique and personalized custom paper that will assist you in getting that good grade.

Your paper will go through high editorial standards to meet your satisfaction. We have qualified writers to assist you to reach your academic goal without going through academic stress. We put into consideration the paper formatting, the pages required, valid citations, and included files to present you with an acceptable paper.

Our writers have a comprehensive experience and have perfected the art of crafting your paper. Regardless of the academic level or topic, we are prepared to provide a quality custom paper upon your order request.

Professional Academic Writers

A student needs professional assistance outside class time. Our writers possess Ph.D. in different fields and hold several years’ experience. Before hiring our writers, we give them tests and strictly consider their educational backgrounds.

After the sieving process, they are trained to ensure they deliver well-structured papers to our customers. Our experts work around the clock to provide correct answers and give any educational help. They not only deliver on time but also follow the customers’ instructions.

Every writer is a fluent native speaker of English and is from the USA, Canada, UK, or Australia. Our experts approach tasks effectively depending on their specialization.

Affordable Prices

Is the deal too good to be true? Toptutor4me is a reliable assignment help website on the market that considers students’ daily needs for academic help. Our assignment help is reasonably priced to approximately 90% of students around the world.

Our objective is to help students achieve academic excellence and we believe that inconsiderable charges should not hinder a student from getting the desired help.

In case the customer is not satisfied, we offer revisions and rewrites without extra charges. There are no unpleasant surprise charges at the checkout. We ensure maximum privacy and safe payment services.

On-Time delivery

Tight deadline? Paper due tomorrow? Do not worry our writers are ready to help. Students have difficulties balancing their social and academic life, therefore, getting caught up with academic deadlines.

Tackling your assignment at the last minute does not give you the advantage of carrying out extensive research and coming up with correct answers. Our experienced writers are knowledgeable and always available to work on your paper.

We guarantee you that outstanding papers are delivered on time at the customer's convenience. All you have to do is place an order giving a specific time delivery that works in your favor.

100% Originality

The ultimate deal-breaker in achieving a good grade is submitting an imitative paper. Plagiarism is a breach of examination standards and has serious consequences. Lecturers test the students' understanding of the taught topic by checking for originality.

Our experts' main consideration is providing a free plagiarized paper that will meet the teachers' requirements. They have perfected the skill of presenting unique personalized papers with relevant citations and references if needed. We ensure extreme originality and in case of any customer concerns, we offer a plagiarism report.

We want to work under customer's trust that their paper is unique and will support them in accomplishing the best grade.

Customer Support 24/7

Our website is user-friendly and super useful! Mycoursewriter is an online writing service that is always available to provide you with academic assistance you need.

Customers’ concerns are considered by our friendly customer support team that is available at all times.

Over ten years’ experience in the writing market has enabled us to grow and learn how to give our customers the golden experience.

We have diligently satisfied hundreds of students and you can witness this at the toptutor4me review page. Do not hesitate to contact us at our website email: support@toptutor4me.com

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Are you searching for a satisfactory legitimate writing website? Look no further. Toptutor4me is the best writing service ready to offer you long-term support in your academic needs. We have been providing homework help for years that has gained our customers’ trust. Our writers are ready to work on any assignment type from undergrad to Ph.D. level.

We guarantee you quality papers, timely delivery, and 24/7 response. Our website is not only the cheapest but also authentic and the most unfailing with an assurance team that manages our orders. We offer assignment help in every subject and topic despite the difficulty, let us ease your assignment burden.


Essay Writing Services

Essay writing is a commonly assigned college homework. Sitting down for an hour or so crafting a perfect essay is a tedious time-consuming task. You might find yourself staring at a blank paper surfing through different websites trying to devise answers for your essay.

Toptutor4me is a legit service that offers to write your essay at a pocket-friendly price. Your essay is given maximum attention by the assigned professional writer who includes fresh ideas and personalizes your paper to your preference. Order essay help by including the question, the page number, preferred format, and any files related to your essay.

Our essays are unique and go through a strict protocol that includes anti-plagiarism and rigorous proofreading. You do not have to struggle with finding ideas for your essay as our writers are not only skilled but also have the correct answers for your paper. Let our scholars work on your essay and you can take care of other responsibilities besides your student tasks.


Admission and Business Papers

Writing an admission paper is not everyone’s inclination but this should not be a hindrance to fulfilling your goal. Writing a perfect paper to get you to that school or company imposes mind stress as there are certain expectations you must meet.

Failure to meet these expectations might make your dream unfulfilled. Admission papers require you to be unique, open, and display confidence but not seem aggressive. A business paper necessitates the student to be aware of current happenings in the world and have a wide knowledge of the business history and trends.

These needs research and skills and we have the qualified writers to meet all these prospects that will satisfy your assessor or lecturer. Our team will help you conquer that milestone in your academic life or your career all you need to do is provide the necessary information for our writers to craft your paper.


Editing and Proofreading

An error-free paper is a must in achieving that desired grade. We have an assurance team to ensure your paper has no grammar or formatting mistakes.

After our writers have given correct answers to your question in the necessary pages, our editorial team proofreads the paper to ensure quality work. They check for grammar mistakes, plagiarism and ensure proper paper formatting.

Issues such as the specified fonts, spacing, and educational formats are considered. We can also provide the plagiarism reports if needed. Our team has skills in formatting any paper type be it MLA, APA, Harvard, or Chicago. Under no circumstances will a poorly formatted paper be forwarded to you as we ensure careful proofreading.


Technical Papers

Assignments are part of the learning process and one may not have the knowledge of the correct answers, this should not stress you as we have qualified scholars to help you.

A challenging topic does not imply that you should fail. Our qualified writers hold PhDs in different subjects therefore they are intelligent and no task is complex to them. Despite the complexity, a competent scholar will be assigned to meet your academic needs.

Different assignments are confusing as they may involve different skills that you are not familiar with. This is not an issue to our skilled professional writers as they provide the correct answers for any essay type despite the intricacy. Stop stressing about your homework by ordering assignment help at Mycoursewriter and go have fun!

Open chat
Chat with us Live Here
Get in Touch with Our Live Chat Agents via WhatsApp on +1(346) 416-0954. Get Unlimited Access to Answers on Any Queries With Your Paper.