(Links to an external site.) Background: Hume suggests that
(Links to an external site.) Background: Hume suggests that we can neither supply a rational nor necessary reason for our belief in cause and effect. In fact, he claims that though we might see a seeming constant conjunction between event A and event B we can never really know for sure that the past as we have known will resemble the future. We cannot justify logically the belief that the laws of nature are universal and will remain so. With every event A we must verify the expected outcome of event B with our senses. We cannot know for sure that possible events C-Z might just as soon happen. Hume ultimately claims that it is merely out of custom and habit that we attribute causes to events which seem to often correlate with the happenings of other events. This skepticism (in regards to the necessary connexion of causes and effects), of course, calls into question the very foundations of the scientific method. This was later referred to by German philosopher Immanuel Kant as “Hume’s problem” or otherwise as the problem of induction. Assignment: What is induction (in your own words) and why is it important? Provide one (1) direct quote from Hume that exposes his elevation of the senses, knowledge as being preferentially based on experience, OR otherwise attributes to him a preference towards a posteriori knowledge. Use proper in-text citation and provide a bibliographic entry. (Note: you can use the exact same bibliography from Module 5: Discussion Posts 1 if you formatted it properly there.) Briefly contrast Hume’s empiricism with the epistemologies of either Plato or Descartes or both.
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