Modernization

Create a 7 pages page paper that discusses ways in which china, korea and japan reacted to modernity. Modernization is made preferable by such developments as far runs and new data technology in addition to the need to modify conventional methods. This perspective makes it difficult to criticize modernization because it rests the control of limits of interaction with the development. Societies undergoing modernization usually reach governance on the standards of abstract principles rather than being dominated by the tradition. As modernization gains strength in a society, traditional cultural and religious values start losing their importance in the citizens’ eyes. Increasing modernization in a society gives so much importance to an individual that he/she eventually becomes even more important than community or family as the basic building block of society.The experience of China cannot be adequately explained with the modernization theory. Mao executed numerous social transformation and industrialization projects to modernize China. However, modernization did not democratize China. Despite the collapse of the Soviet-style authoritarian regimes all over the world, China did not experience very important political reforms after the death of Mao. In spite of the size of its economic sector, China remained authoritarian. Ever since the 1911 revolution and the Qing Dynasty’s end, China has continuously been trying to modernize. Before being overthrown, the Qing Dynasty tried to reform between 1902 and 1908 for its safety and accordingly instigated reforms in transportation, government, and infrastructure. The reforms instigated by the Qing Dynasty were founded on the models of West and included various elements of democracy that are intrinsically linked with the process of modernization. These unsuccessful reforms led to the Revolution of 1911. After the 1911 revolution, modernization was advocated for by other movements including the 1919 May 4th Movement, rejection of imperialism, and iconoclasm (Mitter, 2004) Since the start of the 20th century, China’s efforts to modernize itself have been delayed because of a range of events including the era of warlordism, and civil war between Komintang and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), until establishment of China in the year 1949 (Mitter, 2004). After the accession of the communist party to authority in the year 1949, Mao Zedong based the modernization of China on the Soviet Union. The Great Leap Forward between 1958 and 1961 can be considered as the version of Five year Plan of Soviet Union introduced by Mao. Goals of The Great Leap Forward were to establish a society of modern communism through the process of collectivization and industrialization. Mao Zedong preached self-reliance and his efforts were directed at making China a world power without the enforcement or involvement of western ideas on the society. Although Mao played a role in the modernization of China, The Great Leap Forward was not a success and the Cultural Revolution between the decade starting 1966 did not facilitate the process of industrialization for China (Schoppa, 2011). However, Mao successfully managed to transform China from an agrarian to industrialized country during his era.

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