Music Analysis

PURPOSE: With this paper you will practice analyzing music. You will also work on your writing skills, specifically on transferring what you hear into accurate, descriptive prose. INSTRUCTIONS: Copy/paste the portion of this document entitled Template and Example (below) into your own new, blank document and delete everything that is not in bold print (delete the blue text). Choose a song you would like to analyze (you will provide a Youtube link in your paper). Review the relevant sections of the Terminological Starter. Write an 800-word paper broken into five sections as indicated below. (Note: the template itself does not contribute to the word count.) This paper will consist of filling in the categories on the template. GRADING: Paper 1 is worth 200 points, broken down as follows: Sections 1-5 are each worth 40 points: 0-15 points: the terms in question are clearly understood (the key to scoring highly is not restating definitions, but rather using them in such a way that it is clear you have grasped their meaning). 0-15 points: you cite specific moments in the song in support of your analytical observations, and, at least once in each section, link those observations to the expressive goals of the song (or explain that there are no expressive connections to be made in a given case). 0-5 points: the grader can hear what you describe. 0-5 points: your English is up to the task. Deductions: Papers under the 800-word minimum will lose 30 points. (Why a standard deduction here rather than a sliding one? Because the shorter the paper, the more likely it will also lose points in the other categories described above.) Papers lose 3 points for every day late. TEMPLATE and EXAMPLE: (Reminder: copy all of the following text into your paper. Remove everything that is not in black bold print (the blue text), and the questions are not included in the 800-word requirement) Name: Song Title, Group, and Youtube Link: Example:“Marcie,” by Joni Mitchell: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVxZSp1QN9I Section 1: Duple or Triple Meter (or both or something else): explain which you hear and how/where you can hear it. Locate at least one syncopation and one instance of dotted rhythms, or state unequivocally that there are no such instances. Example:This song is clearly in duple meter. I hear one measure of duple meter for each line of the lyrics. In the first line the word “Marcie” comes just after beat one and “coats” lands on beat three; then in the second line, “stops” comes just after beat one, “candy” on beat three. Having said that, the vocal part is so fluid that it is sometimes hard to hear the meter there; it is the very regular guitar part that provides the accents necessary to identify the meter. I hear the guitar play the lowest note of the harmony on every first beat of the measure. There is constant syncopation in the vocal part as a result of the metrical fluidity mentioned earlier. For one example of many, listen to Mitchell’s delivery of “PEA-ches” at 1:27; “Pea” arrives just before the third beat, and is thus by definition syncopated. While the song contains no extended passages in dotted rhythms, isolated cases of the latter are scattered throughout. At :23, Joni Mitchell sings “Greens are sour” to the rhythm of long-short-long (plus another long), and in so doing repeats the guitar-melody first heard at :03. Meter does not always function expressively in a song, but in the case of “Marcie” it is not hard to hear how it plays a role in advancing the meaning: the regularity of the beat as established by the guitar allows Joni Mitchell great freedom to declaim her poetry in the fluid style already mentioned. This fluidity in turn becomes her chief means of prioritizing the syllables of the text. Sometimes she rushes, whereas other times she lingers, always according to the meaning. Once again, the expressive effect is dependent on the regularity of the meter. Section 2: Major and/or Minor Harmonies: explain which you think you hear, where in the song, and why. Be sure to clarify if you’re labeling the entire song as major and minor or simply a specific moment. &&Also Dissonance. Example:Despite the fact that this is a very sad song, it is usually in major harmonies. (We have learned that on rare occasions, major can be even sadder than minor; in this song the major harmonies create a bittersweet quality.) Every second line ends on the major tonic, in my opinion. An exception to this “major” orientation is the B section that begins “And summer goes…” Here Mitchell shifts briefly into minor, which seems to reveal most directly the sadness underlying the song. If the song ultimately defines a major key, it is nevertheless ambiguous in its major/minor orientation; while lines end in a clear key, they seldom begin there. And then there is this B section with its different (and minor) key altogether. The song is about Marcie’s uncertain waiting, and it seems to me that the way Mitchell hints at keys without firmly committing to them helps to express this uncertainty. In class we learned that consonance tends to exude stability, while dissonance leans in the opposite direction. Mitchell uses dissonance very skillfully to keep us ill-at- ease, just like Marcie. For example, at the end of the B section, she holds the word “sea” on a single note over a series of harmonies, some of which are dissonant against that pitch. Section 3: Conjunct and/or Disjunct melody: locate one or both of these melodic styles within the song (be specific about where), and explain why you think you’re correct. Address melodic shape as well. Example:During most of the song the melody is very conjunct. It is as if Joni Mitchell lacks the energy to make big leaps. The first line, “Marcie in a coat of flowers,” is entirely conjunct, in fact. Above I mentioned that “And summer goes” shifts the song temporarily from major into minor harmonies; likewise, it brings some temporary disjunct motion that has the similar effect of revealing the true pain behind the song. Listen for the big leaps at the words “brown paper.” The melodic shape can be described as a) small rising lines that b) repeat ever lower. The opening seconds with the guitar solo define this motion, as do the verses that follow. This too is expressive, for Marcie carries on her day-to-day activities with hope (hence the little rising lines) while ultimately leading a sad existence (conveyed by the slow drop in these rising melodic lines). Section 4: Homophony and/or Polyphony: locate one or both of these textures within the song (be specific about where), and explain why you think you’re correct. Example:“Marcie” is nearly entirely homophonic. The listener’s focus is on the words as delivered in the vocal melody. Everything else is purely accompanimental, with the exception of the little rising guitar melody that sometimes connects the end of one line of lyrics to the next. You can hear this at :28, and since the rising guitar melody is copying the vocal melody, you could call this imitative polyphony. Section 5: Other: choose at least one term from the Terminological Starter and explain where you think you hear it in the song and why. You can also discuss musical traits not found on the Terminological Starter if you wish. Example:I will briefly discuss 1) rubato and 2) the chord progression behind the verses. Joni Mitchell infuses nearly the entire song with rubato. If you tap the beats, you can tell that she speeds up and slows down, sometimes falling behind the beat and sometimes rushing ahead of it. A good example of this comes at around :38 at the words, “Dust her tables.” The chord progression throughout most of the song descends; each harmony drops one step lower than the previous one. This conveys the depressing nature of the lyrics.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Music Analysis
From $8/Page
Order Essay
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 20% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Toptutor4me
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 10k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Psychology
Very clear, and complete information presented. I, thank you for all of your hard work, appreciate it!
Customer 452483, August 9th, 2021
Nursing
Excellent!!! Thank you.
Customer 452487, September 13th, 2021
Nursing
Excellent job! super recommended.
Customer 452487, August 24th, 2021
Communications
EXCELLENT JOB!!! VERY PLEASED :)
Customer 452483, July 5th, 2021
Mathematics
Job WELL DONE! Thank You very much!!
Customer 452483, July 12th, 2021
Communications
came in earlier than I thought and has all the sources listed and cited in APA format, overall all perfect!
Customer 452461, May 24th, 2021
Nursing
Excellent! Thank you.
Customer 452487, October 16th, 2021
Healthcare Writing & Communications
Perfect! Thank you for also remembering to highlight the necessary words. Appreciate all of your help and hard work!
Customer 452483, November 7th, 2021
Sociology
Perfect! Appreciate all of your help! Thank you so much!
Customer 452483, November 14th, 2021
Communications
Thank you so much!
Customer 452461, June 23rd, 2021
English 101
na
Customer 452547, March 22nd, 2022
Psychology
Thank you for all of your help and hard work, truly appreciate you guys always being there with my hectic schedule. Thank you again!
Customer 452483, September 20th, 2021
1159
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
2 pages
Average paper length
47%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
20% OFF your first order
Use a coupon 24/7HELP and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 20% OFF Order in Chat
Open chat
Chat with us Live Here
Get in Touch with Our Live Chat Agents via WhatsApp on +1(346) 416-0954. Get Unlimited Access to Answers on Any Queries With Your Paper.