Nonverbal Communication

Nonverbal communication is all the ways people transmit messages through means other than words. What you “physically” say with your words and what you “symbolically” say without words work together to create meaning. So when you talk to your next door neighbor or the person sitting next to you on the bus and smile, move closer to, shake hands, or roll your eyes influences how he or she interprets your message.Like language, nonverbal communication is also related to culture and gender. The meaning of any nonverbal behavior is defined by the cultures of the speaker and receiver. Miscommunication can occur when nonverbal gestures are misunderstood or have another meaning in a different culture. (See video on hand gestures)Nonverbal communication conveys cultural meanings of gender. Men and women use nonverbal communication to express themselves as gendered. Functions of nonverbal communication include supplementing spoken language, regulating interaction, and conveying relationship level meaning. Nonverbal communication may supplement verbal communication by: repeating words, contradicting a verbal message, complementing verbal statements, replacing language, accenting verbal message by emphasizing certain words. Nonverbal cues may also regulate interaction through behaviors like eye contact and body posture. Women tend to use cues to invite and encourage others into conversations. Men tend to use more cues to maintain attention and discourage others from speaking.Nonverbal communication also is the primary conveyance of relationship levels of meaning. Three primary dimensions of relationship level meaning are responsiveness liking and power. Responsiveness conveys interest in the interaction involvement with others. Nonverbal cues indicating responsiveness include nonverbal cues like inflection, eye contact and open body posture. A lack of responsiveness may be indicated through behaviors like looking around, turning away or yawning. Females tend to use nonverbal behaviors to indicate involvement with others and signal empathy. Women also tend to be more overtly expressive of emotions and smile more. Feminine speech communities teach responsiveness to create affiliation. Liking is the nonverbal relationship level meaning that signals whether we like or dislike someone. Nonverbal cues may include display more overt signs of liking and friendliness than men. The power or control dimension of relationship meaning consists of nonverbal cues that display the degree that we act in control of, equal to, or deferential to others. Men tend to incorporate more behaviors that signal dominance and control in conversations through cues such as greater vocal volume, more non-affiliate touch, and use of greater amounts of personal space.Differences exist between women and men’s skill for interpreting nonverbal behavior. Generally, females are better able to decode nonverbal behaviors and more accurately perceive others’ emotions. There are cultural values associated with nonverbal communication. Western society has a bias towards favoring masculine qualities, which is indicated through preferences for masculine nonverbal behaviors. Cultural beliefs are changeable. They may be altered as we recognize differences in a nonjudgmental manner and resist restrictive nonverbal gender prescriptions.Nonverbal codes are distinct, organized means of expression that consists of symbols and rules for their use. The five nonverbal codes include: kinesics, paralinguistics, proxemics, haptics, and appearance and artifacts.1- Kinesics is nonverbal communication sent by the body, including facial expression, gestures, posture, body movement, and eye behavior. The body movements consist of four types of nonverbal gestures: illustrators, emblems, adaptors, and regulators. Illustrators are signals that accompany speech to clarify/emphasize the message. Emblems are gestures that stand for a specific verbal meaning. Adaptors are gestures used to manage emotion (often unconscious). Regulators are used to control conversation. Facial expressions also communicate messages, mostly emotion (think the old saying the “eyes are the window into the soul”).2- Paralinguistics are the vocal (oral) aspects of nonverbal communication and include voice pitch, rate, volume, inflection, pitch, stress, and pauses. Male and female physiology doesn’t fully explain differences in pitch. Men tend to use lower pitch, higher volume, and less inflection to gain and hold attention. Women tend to use softer pitch, lower volume and more inflection to appear polite and caring. One study found that stereotypical perceptions of men and women were related to their vocal qualities.3- Proxemics is the study of how space can serve as a function of communication. The distance between speaker and receiver symbolizes physical or psychological closeness. There is an acceptable amount of space or distance that people are comfortable with based on their level of intimacy, gender, culture and relationship (see “Close Talker” video). Proxemics or personal space and its use, reflect gendered patterns that reflect society’s values. Space is a primary way that culture indicates privilege and power. Territoriality is personal space that we protect from “invasion” by others. Men are more likely than women to refuse to step back if another steps too close for comfort.4- Haptics or touch is another aspect of nonverbal communication that is influenced by gender, culture, and level of intimacy. Sons are less likely to be touched and handled than daughters. When touched, sons also are likely to be treated more roughly than daughters. Early childhood relating to touch may account for later differences between men and women. Females are more likely to initiate touches to express support, affection and comfort. Because they are generally larger and stronger than women, men tend to have higher levels of physical confidence and are more willing to use physical force.5- Artifacts and appearance are personal objects that affect our identity, how we view ourselves, communicate something about ourselves, and develop expectations (especially gendered expectations). Toys demonstrate appropriate behaviors and activities for boys and girls. Clothing another type of artifact, defines women and men differently. A third type of artifact, advertising, reinforces images of women as homemakers or sex-symbols and men as associated with heavy work, sports and outdoor activities. Women are encouraged to be “attractive” through purchase of cosmetics and hair products. Some people use artifacts to challenge cultural prescriptions of masculinity and femininity.Understanding nonverbal communication requires an effort to understand respect and appreciate others’ nonverbal communication on their own terms. By recognizing and attempting to understand others’ patterns of nonverbal behaviors, we may increase appreciation for individual differences and less rigidly restrict expectations for nonverbal behaviors. This may also provide a greater range of communicative options.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Nonverbal Communication
From $8/Page
Order Essay
Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

Do you need to ace that test? We are here to help you. We have qualified writers to present you with a 100% error-free paper. Toptutor4me offers you a unique and personalized custom paper that will assist you in getting that good grade.

Your paper will go through high editorial standards to meet your satisfaction. We have qualified writers to assist you to reach your academic goal without going through academic stress. We put into consideration the paper formatting, the pages required, valid citations, and included files to present you with an acceptable paper.

Our writers have a comprehensive experience and have perfected the art of crafting your paper. Regardless of the academic level or topic, we are prepared to provide a quality custom paper upon your order request.

Each paper is written with our customers' preferences into consideration and strict plagiarism-free rules are adhered to. Order now and experience our excellent paper services.

Professional Academic Writers

A student needs professional assistance outside class time. Our writers possess Ph.D. in different fields and hold several years’ experience. Before hiring our writers, we give them tests and strictly consider their educational backgrounds.

After the sieving process, they are trained to ensure they deliver well-structured papers to our customers. Our experts work around the clock to provide correct answers and give any educational help. They not only deliver on time but also follow the customers’ instructions.

Every writer is a fluent native speaker of English and is from the USA, Canada, UK, or Australia. Our experts approach tasks effectively depending on their specialization. Here are some qualities our writers' possess;

  • Punctuality
  • Good communication skills
  • Fluent in English
  • Vast knowledge in different subjects
  • Ability to work under pressure

Affordable Prices

Is the deal too good to be true? Toptutor4me is a reliable assignment help website on the market that considers students’ daily needs for academic help. Our assignment help is reasonably priced to approximately 90% of students around the world.

Our objective is to help students achieve academic excellence and we believe that inconsiderable charges should not hinder a student from getting the desired help.

In case the customer is not satisfied, we offer revisions and rewrites without extra charges. There are no unpleasant surprise charges at the checkout. We ensure maximum privacy and safe payment services. Our services are not only cheap but also have several advantages such as;

  • 24/7 services
  • Customer-friendly team
  • Timely delivery
  • Refund policy
  • Quality papers
  • Professional academic help

On-Time delivery

Tight deadline? Paper due tomorrow? Do not worry our writers are ready to help. Students have difficulties balancing their social and academic life, therefore, getting caught up with academic deadlines.

Your order is given the immediate attention it requires regardless of its complexity.

Tackling your assignment at the last minute does not give you the advantage of carrying out extensive research and coming up with correct answers. Our experienced writers are knowledgeable and always available to work on your paper.

Deadline is a trouble every student faces and our urgent writing services are the ultimate solutions. We have a 24/7 support team that is eager to tend to your concerns and give you the ultimate customer experience.

We guarantee you that outstanding papers are delivered on time at the customer's convenience. All you have to do is place an order giving a specific time delivery that works in your favor.

100% Originality

The ultimate deal-breaker in achieving a good grade is submitting an imitative paper. Plagiarism is a breach of examination standards and has serious consequences. Lecturers test the students' understanding of the taught topic by checking for originality.

Despite carrying out online and book research the student needs to deliver answers in their understanding by paraphrasing the research findings and providing relevant citations. Our experts' main consideration is providing a free plagiarized paper that will meet the teachers' requirements.

They have perfected the skill of presenting unique personalized papers with relevant citations and references if needed. We ensure extreme originality and in case of any customer concerns, we offer a plagiarism report.

Our editorial department proofreads the papers before they are sent to the customer therefore you should be assured that substandard work will not be delivered. We want to work under customer's trust that their paper is unique and will support them in accomplishing the best grade.

Customer Support 24/7

Our website is user-friendly and super useful! Mycoursewriter is an online writing service that is always available to provide you with academic assistance you need.

Customers’ concerns are considered by our friendly customer support team that is available at all times. Toptutor4me has a support team that answers your questions immediately.

If you have trouble placing an order you can reach our team through the live chat that will give you step-to-step guidance. We value our customers' satisfaction and put into consideration any raised concerns.

Over ten years’ experience in the writing market has enabled us to grow and learn how to give our customers the golden experience. The website usability is self-learnable but in case of any problem feel free to contact us.

We have diligently satisfied hundreds of students and you can witness this at the toptutor4me review page. Do not hesitate to contact us at our website email:

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Are you searching for a satisfactory legitimate writing website? Look no further. Toptutor4me is the best writing service ready to offer you long-term support in your academic needs. We have been providing homework help for years that has gained our customers’ trust. Our writers are ready to work on any assignment type from undergrad to Ph.D. level.

We guarantee you quality papers, timely delivery, and 24/7 response. Our website is not only the cheapest but also authentic and the most unfailing with an assurance team that manages our orders. We offer assignment help in every subject and topic despite the difficulty, let us ease your assignment burden. Below are examples of the papers we offer;

  • Article writing
  • Lab report
  • Annotated bibliography
  • Research paper
  • Capstone projects
  • PowerPoint presentation
  • Personal statements
  • Dissertation writing


Essay Writing Services

Essay writing is a commonly assigned college homework. Sitting down for an hour or so crafting a perfect essay is a tedious time-consuming task. You might find yourself staring at a blank paper surfing through different websites trying to devise answers for your essay.

Toptutor4me is a legit service that offers to write your essay at a pocket-friendly price. Your essay is given maximum attention by the assigned professional writer who includes fresh ideas and personalizes your paper to your preference. Order essay help by including the question, the page number, preferred format, and any files related to your essay.

Our essays are unique and go through a strict protocol that includes anti-plagiarism and rigorous proofreading. You do not have to struggle with finding ideas for your essay as our writers are not only skilled but also have the correct answers for your paper. Let our scholars work on your essay and you can take care of other responsibilities besides your student tasks.


Admission and Business Papers

Writing an admission paper is not everyone’s inclination but this should not be a hindrance to fulfilling your goal. Writing a perfect paper to get you to that school or company imposes mind stress as there are certain expectations you must meet.

Failure to meet these expectations might make your dream unfulfilled. Admission papers require you to be unique, open, and display confidence but not seem aggressive. A business paper necessitates the student to be aware of current happenings in the world and have a wide knowledge of the business history and trends.

These needs research and skills and we have the qualified writers to meet all these prospects that will satisfy your assessor or lecturer. Our team will help you conquer that milestone in your academic life or your career all you need to do is provide the necessary information for our writers to craft your paper.


Editing and Proofreading

An error-free paper is a must in achieving that desired grade. We have an assurance team to ensure your paper has no grammar or formatting mistakes.

After our writers have given correct answers to your question in the necessary pages, our editorial team proofreads the paper to ensure quality work. They check for grammar mistakes, plagiarism and ensure proper paper formatting.

Issues such as the specified fonts, spacing, and educational formats are considered. We can also provide the plagiarism reports if needed. Our team has skills in formatting any paper type be it MLA, APA, Harvard, or Chicago. Under no circumstances will a poorly formatted paper be forwarded to you as we ensure careful proofreading.


Technical Papers

Assignments are part of the learning process and one may not have the knowledge of the correct answers, this should not stress you as we have qualified scholars to help you.

A challenging topic does not imply that you should fail. Our qualified writers hold PhDs in different subjects therefore they are intelligent and no task is complex to them. Despite the complexity, a competent scholar will be assigned to meet your academic needs.

Different assignments are confusing as they may involve different skills that you are not familiar with. This is not an issue to our skilled professional writers as they provide the correct answers for any essay type despite the intricacy. Stop stressing about your homework by ordering assignment help at Mycoursewriter and go have fun!