NURS 6050 Week 2 Assignment Presidential Agendas and the Fight Against Pandemics
There have been so many presidents in the United States who have in one way or the order faced some challenges like terrorism, financial catastrophe but only a few were unlucky to have faced the challenges of fighting pandemics during their tenure as presidents. How well a country fights pandemic depends on the approach and strategic plans of the president in the early phases of the pandemic because of its public health concerns, ability to increase morbidity rate in a little time if not controlled in the beginning. (Jamison et al., 2017) Pandemics have the capability to lead to disruptions in social, economic and political areas of the country and over wide geopolitical zones, hence the need to strategically have functional plans and funding in place to assist the citizens who are affected by the pandemic get out of depression because of the traumatic events they have experienced either losing jobs or death of loved ones is one of the steps in managing pandemics.
Agenda Comparison Grid and Fact Sheet or Talking Points Brief Assignment Template for Part 1 and Part 2 (Be sure to use at least 2-3 outside resources)
Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid
|Identify the population health concern you selected.||Pandemics|
|Describe the population health concern you selected and the factors that contribute to it. Use citations.||Pandemic is poses a public health concern as citizens’ battle depression due to economic instability and loss of loved ones. The Present administration should be more concerned on the effects of pandemic on her citizens during and post pandemic as most families during pandemics are left with no jobs and access to quality medical care just as what we are experiencing amid COVID 19 today (Evans & Bufka, 2020).
|Administration (President Name)||President Biden||President Trump||President Obama|
|Describe the administrative agenda focus related to this issue for the current and two previous presidents. Use citations.||The present administration has rolled out plans for massive emergency Covid 19 vaccination, although some people are still misinformed about the need for vaccine, a lot of public health awareness is ongoing to ensure we get more people vaccinated, there have been plans of relief packages to assist families struggling with the present pandemic (“The Whitehouse,” 2021)
|Trump downplayed the warning for Coronavirus outbreak when it was noticed in Wuhan China, Trump acted late, hence we are all caught up in the mess we see today. There was no sufficient funding for CDC on infectious disease controls in his tenure.||Obama had a slow initial response during the 2014 Ebola outbreak which was a wakeup call on emerging infectious diseases.
The Obama administration made appropriate funding available to fight Ebola all over the world.
|Identify the allocations of financial and other resources that the current and two previous presidents dedicated to this issue. Use citations.||The Biden Administration have appropriated and invested about $1.7 billion in getting the vaccines, increasing genomic sequencing and mass awareness campaign to ensure they wear nose mask as primary protective equipment (“The Whitehouse,” 2021)
|The Trump administration focused on protecting the most vulnerable especially the elderly and spent about $2.5 billion to nursing homes on Covid relief packages (HHS, 2020)||The Obama administration requested for $6.2 billion but only approved $5.4 billion which was the largest donation by a single government to fight Ebola.|
|Explain how each of the presidential administrations approached the issue. Use citations.||The Present administration took over amid pandemic and have rolled out plans and sustained existing technologies and partnered with agencies that will help in control of the pandemic through the administrations appropriate funding to Covid 19 vaccination and mass campaign (“The Whitehouse,” 2021)
|Trump administration did not rightly approach Covid 19, there was delayed response by the federal Government hence the cases escalated and mortality cases increased uncontrollably.
As at the time Covid 19 Started, because Trump already destroyed existing science framework, there was none on ground to act (Peters, 2020)
|Obama confronted Ebola squarely by appropriation of $5.4 billion and in 2014 Dec enacted CDC operations to prepare specialized assist for west Africa where the mortality was out of control and that really helped African nations have control and were able to manage it. (“U.S. response to Ebola: Status of the FY2015 emergency Ebola appropriation,” 2019).|
Part 2: Agenda Comparison Grid Analysis
Using the information you recorded in Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid, complete the following to document information about the population health/healthcare issue your selected
|Administration (President Name)||President Biden||President Trump||President Obama|
|Which administrative agency would most likely be responsible for helping you address the healthcare issue you selected?
|The Centre for Disease Control (CDC) would the administrative agency responsible to see that the Covid-19 Pandemic is controlled through their appropriate funding and strategic plans for isolations, contact tracing and provision of subsidized personal protective equipment.||The CDC was there and adviced Trump but he declined some of their advices and plans.
|CDC has been at the center of it all in terms of infectious disease control.|
|How do you think your selected healthcare issue might get on the agenda for the current and two previous presidents? How does it stay there?||The present administration have already prioritized the Covid 19 pandemic and relief plans that are being rolled out to families to cushion the effects of the pandemic especially depression and this agenda can be developed to have permanent policies that does not only address the pandemic itself but also addresses the effects during and post pandemic.||Trump had Covid 19 late in his tenure and partnered with agencies that see to the control of infectious diseases through research and vaccine productions.||Proper funding for infectious disease control and research is key for any nation to fight pandemic.|
|Who would you choose to be the entrepreneur/ champion/sponsor of the healthcare issue you selected for the current and two previous presidents?||Rep .J Courtney who is a Rep for Connecticut’s 2nd District sponsored the bill on Coronavirus aid and Relief which has cushioned the effect on the citizens||The CDC has been on top of the Covid 19 by rolling out their strategies and plans to effectively control it though the strategies came a bit late.||The World health Organization stepped in to ensure that all the countries that are ravaged by the pandemic had trained and equipped staff to take care of patients.|
Why pandemic strategies are Important for the Legislation Agenda;
Each pandemic comes with unpredictable increasing stress levels and serious effects on individuals and to the nation as a whole. The effects of chronic stress can’t be over emphasized as it affects all body systems especially the mental state, hence having a plan in place to identify these needs of the people in crisis and intervening is key.
In setting policies and agendas, Politics and analytical work go hand in hand to get any policy right “John W. Kingdon ( 2001)
Pandemic planning and funding should be on the priority list of every nation, there should be a blue print that should be activated as soon as a pandemic surface, in that way it saves the response time and increases the chances of managing it without having high mortality rates.
There should be a plan for the mental health state of the citizens who are affected by the pandemic, just as we are seeing in Covid 19, so many families have been torn apart, so many lost their life partners as frontline workers, some lost their means of livelihood, had their loved ones buried without witnessing it, it generally poses new challenges mentally (Evans & Bufka, 2020). Having a plan like economic relief packages will help cushion the effects on the citizens, giving the assess to good healthcare is another step in a right direction to properly take care of their health.
The nurse’s role in agenda setting.
Prevention and early recognition- Nurses are more in contact with patients more than any other healthcare team member, as such should be quick to assess our patients and people around us especially this period and will willing to offer help in terms of directing them the right place to seek for help and early intervention to avoid mental breakdown.
Volunteer; Nurses through their volunteer services on policy meetings gets firsthand information on what healthcare agenda each administration has and work on to develop it with their experience through developing fact sheets and volunteering to prepare reports to decision makers (Burke, 2016).
Nurses need to get actively involved in politics, just like the Nurse Practitioners (NP’s) who have been battling with being granted independence to practice to full extent of their licensure in order to increase patients care “O’Rourke et al 2017”
Nurses as advocates helps to ensure patients safety and also assist in facilitating required resources for our patients to ensure they get the best quality care available (Arabi, A et.al 2014”). Nurses speak up for so many of the patients that can’t speak for themselves, some are the more vulnerable who are going through one effect of the pandemic.
Pandemic poses great challenges to any nation and to the world at large. A systematic review of 2020 impact on the mental state of citizens indicated that the rate of depression went up especially during the quarantine as people have lost jobs with no hope of getting it back and being on lockdown, so many companies downsized and many lost loved ones due to the pandemic, these feelings of anger, frustrations are few of the effects of pandemic on individuals that leads to mental health breakdown if not properly addressed, I plead with the present administration to have plans and policies in place for the mental health effects of pandemic on citizens.