PSY 509 Theories of Marriage and Family Quiz Questions

PSY 509 Theories of Marriage and Family Quiz Questions

PSY 509 Theories of Marriage and Family Quiz Questions


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Pearson Education, Inc., Allyn and Bacon: Boston, MA 02116


Theories of Marriage and Family

Text: Family Therapy Concepts and Methods

ISBN: 0-2-5-54320-0; 13: 978-0-205-54320-5


Michael P. Nichols

Theories of Marriage and Family

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1) Family sculpting and choreography are applications of this early approach to group treatment which consists of dramatic enactments from the lives of group members and uses a number of techniques to stimulate emotional expression and clarify con- flicts.

A) psychodrama

B) T-group

C) psychoeducation 0) encounter group

2) The first to apply group concepts to family treatment was

A) Murray Bowen

B) Carl Whitaker

C) John Elderkin Bell 0) Virginia Satir

3) Reflecting the recent recognition that some problems are in fact problems of indi- viduals and not caused by families, Carol Anderson and colleagues developed this family therapy approach to treating families with schizophrenics.

A) family group counseling

B) psychodrama

C) solution-focused therapy

D) psychoeducation

4) Leaders of family therapy who are social workers include all except whom?

A) Virginia Satir

B) Carl Whitaker

C) Monica McGoldrick 0) Braulio Montalvo

PSY 509 Theories of Marriage and Family Quiz Questions

5) Lyman Wynne’s term for the facade of family harmony that characterized many schizophrenic families is:

A) pseudomutuality

B) pseudoharmony

C) pseudocomplementarity 0) pseudohostility

Theories of Marriage and Family

6) Hospital clinicians began to acknowledge and include the family in an individual’s treatment when:

A) they noticed when the patient got better, someone in the family got worse

B) they realized the family was footing the bill for treatment

C) they realized the family continued to influence the course of treatment anyway

D) Aand C

7) Gregory Bateson and his colleagues at Palo Alto introduced this concept to describe the patterns of disturbed family communication which cause schizophrenia.

A) double bind

B) schizophrenogenesis

C) pseudohostility

0) none of the above

8) This family therapist’s personal resolution of emotional reactivity in his family was as significant for his approach to family therapy as Freud’s self-analysis had been for psychoanalysis.

A) Murray Bowen

B) Salvador Minuchin

C) Jay Haley

0) Carl Whitaker

9) This family therapist believed in the existence of an interpersonal unconscious within

each family.

A) Virginia Satir

B) Nathan Ackerman

C) Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy 0) Murray Bowen

10) The techniques of structural family therapy fall into two general categories, joining

and _

A) disengaging maneuvers

B) taking an “I” position

C) restructuring techniques 0) paradoxical interventions

11) Group-oriented therapists promote communication by concentrating on process rather than content.



Theories of Marriage and Family

12) The tendency of families to resist change in order to maintain a steady state is known as:

A) complementarity

B) paradox

C) negative feedback

0) the black box concept

13) While the communications family therapists share the common goal of altering self-reinforcing and destructive patterns of communication in families, their interven- tion strategies differed. For example, Haley favored the use of while Satir sought change by making family rules explicit and by teaching principles of clear communication.

A) paradox

B) interpretations

C) positive connotations

D) behavioral contracts

14) According to communications theory, healthy families are able to adapt to changing circumstances through use of:

A) positive feedback

B) negative feedback

C) homeostasis

D) therapeutic double-binds

15) A conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship, and cannot leave or comment is known as a:

A) double-bind

B) reframe

C) quid pro quo

0) complementarity

16) The goal of family group therapy is to:

A) promote individuation offamily members

B) promote verbalization and understanding of unmet needs

C) improve family relationships

D) all of the above

55 Theories of Marriage and Family

17) The family theory of the etiology of schizophrenia which focused on disturbed pat- terns of communication was founded by Gregory Bateson, Theodore Lidz, and:

A) Lyman Wynne

B) Mara Selvini-Palazzoli

C) Carl Whitaker

D) Virginia Satir

18) According to Bateson’s research on the disorder, they believed that _

was a disturbance of the entire family, not the individual.

A) depression

B) alcoholism

C) schizophrenia

D) A and C

19) According to the authors, the communication theorists tend to describe families

as in their theoretical statements, though they tended to treat them as

____ in their clinical work.

A) complementary/symmetrical

B) open systems/closed systems

C) closed systems/open systems

D) symmetrical/complementary

20) The stages of a family’s life from separation from one’s parents to marriage, having

children, growing older, retirement, and finally death, are known as the:

A) homeostasis

B) family structure

C) function of the system

D) family life cycle

21) Constructivism first found its way into psychotherapy in the work of:

A) George Kelly

B) Michael White

C) Kenneth Gergen

D) Paul Watzlawick

22) A biological model of living systems as whole entities which maintain themselves through continuous input and output from the environment, developed by l.udwiq von Bertalanffy is known as

A) general systems theory

B) cybernetics

C) constructivism

D) ecosystemic communication

23) Which phenomena are NOT a focus of cybernetics, as applied to families?

A) family rules

B) negative feedback

C) sequences of interaction

D) family hierarchy

24) Superficial change in a system which itself stays invariant is termed –‘ while

basic change in the structure of a system is called _

A) first-order; systemic

B) second-order; first-order

C) first-order; second-order

D) cybernetic; second-order

25) Boundaries around the executive subsystem in the family are of particular importance

because the family is seen by structural therapists as crucial to the fam-

ily’s well-being.

A) life cycle

B) quid pro quo

C) network

D) hierarchy

PSY 509 Theories of Marriage and Family Quiz Questions – Written Assignment for Unit One

Be sure to refer to the course syllabus for instructions on format, length, and other information on how to complete this assignment.

Please answer ONE of the following:

1: In 1956 Baetson and his colleagues published their famous report “Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia’; in which they introduced the concept of the double bind. Please define and explain this concept. How, according to them did it relate to Schizophre- nia? Please give at least 2 different examples to illustrate the double bind concept. (pg.20-23)

2: According to the text normal families are described as functioning systems dealing with negative and positive feedback. Define/describe what negative and positive feedback are in context to’normal family systems; and discuss how normal families stay healthy during times of’unbalance’ during transition points in the family life cycle. Give some examples to support your discussion. (pg. 52-53)

3: A family has been referred to you from Child Protective Services, due to allegations of sexual abuse. Discuss how you would approach this from the initial telephone call, first session, ete. and any specific guidelines/rules you would adhere to due to the nature of the case. (pg. 65-74 and 91-93)

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1) By training family members in 3 areas–teaching differentiation, avoiding triangulation, and Bowen therapists can enable a single individual to transform

the whole network of his or her family system.

A) avoiding expression of intense emotions

B) increasing contact with dysfunctional family members

C) reopening cut-off family relationships 0) all of the above

2) According the Bowen theory, the flight from an unresolved emotional attachment to one’s parents is known as:

A) fusion

B) emotional cutoff

C) enmeshment

0) disengagement

3) In Bowen theory, this is a process wherein the projection of varying degrees of immaturity to different children in the same family occurs. The child who is most involved in the family emerges with the lowest level of differentiation, and passes on problems to succeeding generations.

A) multigenerational transmission process

B) nuclear family emotional process

C) societal emotional process 0) family projection process

4) rrns soweruan term describes the level of emotional “stuck-togetherness” or fusion in the family.

A) unconscious need complementarity

B) triangling

C) nuclear family emotional process 0) A and C

5) According to Bowen, are the smallest stable unit of human relations.

A) dyads

B) foursomes

C) triangles

0) none of the above

6) Unlike experiential therapists, Bowenians seek to levels of anxiety in order to increase levels of differentiation of self in the family.

A) decrease

B) identify


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