The uncertainty surrounding Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the accompanying lockdown triggered considerable worry, tension, and anxiety.
Yoga is a well-known stress and anxiety-reduction technique that may also boost immunity.
The goals of this study were to (1) see if incorporating Yoga into one’s daily routine is advantageous to one’s physical and mental health, and (2) to assess Yoga practitioners’ lifestyles to see if they can help people cope with the stress of lockdown.
This is a cross-sectional survey that was done across India during the lockdown.
The COVID Health Assessment Scale (CHAS) was developed by 11 experts in three Delphi rounds (Content Valid Ratio = 0.85) to assess people’s physical and mental health, lifestyles, and coping skills.
The poll was conducted digitally using Google forms, and a total of 23,760 CHAS replies were received.
A total of 23,290 valid replies were received (98 percent ).
Following the study’s yogic practices inclusion and exclusion criteria, respondents were divided into two groups: Yoga (n = 9,840) and Non-Yoga (n = 3,377), who actively practiced Yoga during the Indian shutdown.
Statistical studies were carried out using R software version 4.0.0, which included logistic and multinomial regression, as well as odds ratio estimation.
The non-Yoga group was more likely to use substances and eat unhealthy foods, as well as sleep poorly.
Yoga practitioners claimed to have strong physical capabilities and endurance.
In comparison to the non-Yoga group, the yoga group demonstrated reduced worry, stress, and fear, as well as better coping methods.
The Yoga group demonstrated a remarkable and superior ability to cope with the stress and anxiety related with COVID-19 confinement.
Participants in the Yoga group who practiced meditation were said to have greater mental wellness.
If specialized yoga protocols are applied as part of a worldwide public health program, yoga may reduce COVID-19 risk by reducing stress and increasing immunity.
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization proclaimed Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which originated in Wuhan, China and was caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS CoV-2), a pandemic.
To prevent the spread of the virus and give hospitals enough time to prepare, governments around the world were forced to implement “Lockdown” in their respective countries.
With the exception of emergencies, people were not allowed to remain outside throughout the lockdown.
On March 23, 2020, India implemented the world’s most stringent curfew (1).
Many individuals were stranded in their houses or in containment zones, causing financial hardship for small enterprises and disrupting the work of domestic maids, daily wagers, and laborers.
Furthermore, the public’s and healthcare staff’ ignorance about the disease’s contagious nature caused dread, panic, anxiety, and stress.
COVID-19 susceptibility and severity were linked to co-morbidities (2–4), which added to the stress of patients with chronic illnesses.
Furthermore, the global infodemic and fake news exacerbated public concern and stress (5, 6).
COVID-19 (7–10) has been linked to an increase in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following epidemics or natural disasters such as SARS, earthquakes, or tornadoes.
To further understand the prevalence of psychological stress in the COVID-19 pandemic, Wang et al. conducted a comprehensive self-administered online survey in China.
Similar to previous studies conducted during the 2003 SARS pandemic, they noticed increased panic, tension, anxiety, and sadness (7, 8, 11).
According to a similar online survey conducted by Liu et al., 20% of people had anxiety, 27% had depression, 7.7% had psychological discomfort, and 10% of people had phobias (12).
Furthermore, people’s behavioral patterns changed as a result of lockdown, particularly their eating habits.
Obesity was caused by increased use of junk food, soft drinks, and alcohol.
Lockdown disturbed people’s normal routines, sleep hours, outdoor activities, and increased screen time and smoking, making them more susceptible to COVID-19 (13, 14).
Similar results have been discovered in two short investigations conducted in India (15, 16).
The impact on psychological stress may be more evident due to continual worldwide media feeds and internet access, according to a recent study on the COVID-19 pandemic.
The current COVID Health Assessment Scale (CHAS) survey was created to assess the physical and mental health, as well as coping abilities, of participants who did and did not practice yoga.
Yoga has been shown in several studies to improve physical and mental health by regulating the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal system, the sympathetic nervous system, lowering cortisol, and improving immunity as evidenced by increases in CD4, heart rate, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein levels (17–20).
As a result, Yoga practitioners appear to live a healthy lifestyle in comparison to the overall population.
This study looked into whether or not including Yoga into one’s daily routine is beneficial to one’s physical and mental wellbeing.
Yoga practitioners also live a healthier lifestyle, which helps them cope better with the limits and stress of being on lockdown.